Geotechnical study

Geological and geotechnical studies - Geotechnics

Geotechnical studies are mandatory for any type of building, following the current regulations imposed by Royal Decree 314/2006, of March 17, which approves the Technical Building Code (CTE), which develops the regulations of The Building Regulation Law (LOE) establishing in its basic document (DB-SE-C), the issues that concern geotechnical studies and the responsibilities of the different parties involved in the building process.

What are

Geological and geotechnical studies?


A geotechnical or geological study is a soil study that aims to :

  • Determine the mechanical characteristics of the land that will support a construction
  • Assess the natural risks identified in the sector in which a project is to be carried out and their impact on the future construction

It is the result of a field study which makes it possible to obtain the geology (the types of soil encountered), the piezometric level (the water level at the site) and the initial mechanical characteristics (apparent resistance) of the soil. Once the results have been interpreted, they can be used to guide the project owner and the project managers as to the type of foundation to be used for the project.


Our services


renovation of taxiways A.23 and more Madrid airport
renovation of taxiways A.23 and more Madrid airport

One of the main factors to take into account when designing a work is the terrain on which it sits, analyzing its bearing capacity and its behavior in the face of possible eventualities.

Therefore, to study the different factors that come into play and to anticipate and avoid situations that may arise, Eurocontrol carries out a series of activities:

  • Analysis of existing information
  • Study of the geological profile of the plot
  • Definition and execution of a geotechnical campaign for the evaluation of land, through drilling of wells, dynamic penetration tests, in situ tests inside wells (SPT, pressure meters), completing it with the taking of samples (unaltered, paraffin-coated) for testing in the laboratory, as well as the use of geophysical techniques.
  • Topographic support.
  • Establishment of the geotechnical model with determination of deformation parameters of each defined unit.
  • Characterization of the geological environment that allows to face with guarantees and economy the type and characteristics of the foundation and containment systems
Geotechnical study
Geotechnical study
  • Study of possible contaminated soils, groundwater collection, landfills, etc.
  • Analysis of instability of slopes and dividing walls. Design of corrective measures
  • Design and calculation of shallow foundations, piles, micropiles, wells, etc.
  • Design of containment elements: continuous walls and screens and piles
  • Design of special treatments: compensation injections, preloads, soil stabilization with lime and cement, gravel columns, etc.
  • Studies of foundation pathologies and design of solutions (underpinnings, injections, micropile screens, etc.) and instrumentation and monitoring of land.
  • Foundation studies for rehabilitation works
  • Geotechnical advice

Only a properly carried out geological-geotechnical study is a guarantee of compliance with the new regulations. The objective of Eurocontrol is to advise the client in relation to studies of the land and problems associated with it in all phases, from the planning and drafting of the project to the exploitation phase.

Discover our other

related services

Works and inspection in a train station
Transport planning and studies
Evaluation and prediction of the impacts of transport on safety and the environment. Transportation planning and studies develop and apply models for the evaluation and prediction of transportation impacts.
Men drafting infrastructures
Drafting the designs for civil engineering projects

We design civil works projects for public administrations, public infrastructure management companies, private companies holding concessions for infrastructure works, construction companies and private developers.

We carry out our work for road, railway, hydraulic and airport infrastructures, for which we have an important and experienced multidisciplinary team of specialised technicians.

protective helmets
Site health and safety coordination

Eurocontrol. has site H&S coordinators with an extensive track-record both in different types of work and in the time spent on each site. Eurocontrol offers your company a team that covers all stages on a construction site, from the design stage to completion.

Eurocontrol prepares any type of documentation required by Royal Decree 1627/97:


Why choose Eurocontrol ?


A team of experts at your disposal

more than 1,400 people specialised in different technical disciplines.

Geographical coverage at national level

with more than 30 branches and international presence in more than 50 countries through the Apave Group.

Complementary areas of activity

that allow our clients to combine safety and performance in all stages of their projects.