proteccion del trabajador en los campos electromagneticaos

Royal Decree 299/2016: worker protection from electromagnetic fields

Royal Decree 299/2016, of July 22, on the protection of the health and safety of workers against the risks related to exposure to electromagnetic fields, establishes the obligation to evaluate the presence of electromagnetic fields in their work environment. potentially exposed workers. This provision entered into force in July 2016.

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What are

electromagnetic fields?

Electromagnetic fields are static electric, static magnetic, and time-varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields, with frequencies between 0 Hz and 300 GHz.

The presence of electromagnetic fields is a daily occurrence in the developed world, since such fields are generated whenever electricity is used.

To which sectors does

RD 299/2016 apply?


The low intensity of the fields in general guarantees that they do not cause any adverse effect. However, in certain workplaces, the intensity of the fields can represent a risk, which is why RD 299/2016 aims to guarantee the safety and health of workers in such situations.

Among others, it applies to the following sectors:Royal Decree 299/2016

  • Industrial
  • Sanitary
  • Energetic
  • railway
  • Aeronautical
  • Logistic
  • telecommunications

Workers with particular risks (pregnant women and workers with implants or who carry medical devices), probably require a specific evaluation, as well as the elaboration and application of a particular action plan.

Who is responsible for

applying it?

The employer has the obligation to assess the risks arising from electromagnetic fields in the workplace, thus ensuring that the necessary measures to reduce the risks can be defined and put into practice.

Serious and very serious infractions derived from non-compliance with the obligations established in RD 299/2016, may be sanctioned with amounts of up to 40,000 euros and 819,000 euros respectively, at the proposal of the labor inspection in accordance with the provisions of the Law on Violations and Sanctions in the Social Order.

How does it apply?

Risk assessments can be carried out by Occupational Risk Prevention services, either Internal or External, and in any case, they must be signed by qualified personnel for the performance of higher-level functions with the specialty of industrial hygiene. The evaluations will be carried out with the appropriate periodicity indicated in article 6 of RD 39/1997, which will include, if necessary, the performance of measurements or calculations of the levels of electromagnetic fields to which the workers are exposed, to guarantee that they do not exceed the Exposure Limit Values or Action Levels established in RD 299/2016.
At Eurocontrol we have all the necessary equipment to carry out the measures required to verify compliance with the Action Levels and Exposure Limit Values.

What happens if

the allowed limits are exceeded?

In the event of exceeding the Exposure Limit Values or Action Levels, the employer is responsible for intervening immediately in order to:

  • Reduce exposure levels
  • Determine the causes of said overcoming
  • Modify protection and prevention measures


And in addition, in general, the employer must:

  • Provide information and training to your staff
  • Have the participation of workers in risk management
  • Apply practices in relation to health surveillance

Why Eurocontrol?

Our Employee Prevention Service is accredited by the Ministry of Labor at the national level. Since the year 2000, Eurocontrol has carried out its work offering support to the employer for the development of preventive management.

The Eurocontrol External Prevention Service has an interdisciplinary team that covers the four specialties established in Law 31/1995 on Prevention of Occupational Risks:

  • Work Safety
  • Industrial hygiene
  • Ergonomics and Applied Psychosociology
  • Work Medicine


Royal Decree 299/2016 - Measurement equipment All our actions are carried out in accordance with strict technical and regulatory quality assurance standards. The starting point of our interventions is based on the initial risk assessment, the planning of preventive action and the periodic control of working conditions.

Our Radioelectric Emissions department positions us as leaders in assessing the levels of exposure of the general public around radioelectric installations, in accordance with RD 1066/2001, of September 28, which approves the Regulation that establishes protection conditions for the radioelectric public domain, restrictions on radioelectric emissions and health protection measures against radioelectric emissions. Since 2002 we have been working in the field of radioelectric emissions, with more than 90,000 independent evaluations submitted to the Ministry of Energy, Tourism and Digital Agenda.

The work team is made up of highly qualified engineers and technicians who have state-of-the-art equipment duly calibrated. In addition, we continuously collaborate with the Administration, Universities and Collegiate Bodies of the sector.

By uniting our extensive experience as an External Prevention Service and relying on our leadership in the field of radioelectric emission assessment, we are in a position to offer all clients an integral and complete service, adapting it to their needs.

Discover our other

related services

Radio tower
Control of radioelectric emissions

Control of compliance with current regulations on levels of exposure to electromagnetic fields, both in the public sphere (R.D. 1066/2001) and in the occupational environment (R.D. 299/2016). We carry out radioelectric studies, periodic certifications and commissioning requests.

chimical products
Industrial Hygiene

Countless studies have been able to demonstrate the cause-effect relationship between certain jobs and the development of certain diseases. Most of these diseases do not show obvious symptoms until after a long time, even years. It is therefore essential to approach the problem from a preventive point of view, as this is the only way to achieve an optimal state of health for the worker at the end of his or her working life. Industrial hygiene is one of the tools we can use to achieve this goal.

external prevention service
External Prevention Service

Eurocontrol's External Prevention Service places at your disposal an interdisciplinary team that integrates all the elements that make up safety, hygiene and ergonomics in your company. Our External Prevention Service is accredited by the Ministry of Labor at the national level.

Why choose Eurocontrol ?


A team of experts at your disposal

more than 1,400 people specialised in different technical disciplines.

Geographical coverage at national level

with more than 30 branches and international presence in more than 50 countries through the Apave Group.

Complementary areas of activity

that allow our clients to combine safety and performance in all stages of their projects.