What is the
inspection of fire-fighting installation?
The main objective of the inspection of fire protection installations in both industrial and non-industrial establishments is to verify that these installations comply with the design criteria established by legislation and that the conditions necessary for their correct operation are maintained over time. Any deficiency in these installations represents a serious danger to the safety and integrity of people and property, so it is essential to check them periodically to ensure that, if necessary, they fulfil their task effectively.
Eurocontrol carries out the following inspection services for fire protection installations:
Royal Decree 513/2017, of 22 May, which approves the Regulation on fire protection installations, defines the conditions that must be met by the apparatus, equipment and systems used in fire protection, as well as the periodic inspections to which they must be subjected by Authorised Control Bodies. The Royal Decree also includes fire protection systems which, being newly created, were not covered by the previous regulations.
Types of inspection
Fire-fighting installations must undergo regulatory inspection by an accredited control body at least every ten years, when they are located in buildings intended for the following uses:
- Administrative use with a built surface area greater than or equal to 2000 m2.
- Educational use with a floor area greater than or equal to 2000 m2 * Commercial use with a floor area greater than or equal to 2000 m2
- Commercial use with a floor area greater than or equal to 500 m2 * Public use with a floor area greater than or equal to 500 m2
- Public use with a floor area greater than or equal to 500 m2 * Public use with a floor area greater than or equal to 500 m2
- Parking use with a built-up area greater than or equal to 500 m2 * Parking use with a built-up area greater than or equal to 500 m2
- Industrial establishments not covered by Royal Decree 2267/2004 * * Public residential use
- Public residential use
- Hospital use
Fire protection installations in the above-mentioned buildings must undergo their first periodic inspection ten years after they have been in service. For installations ten or more years old since they were put into service, the following maximum periods are established for the first inspection, to be counted from 13 December 2017 (date of entry into force of the new Regulation):
- Installations older than or equal to 20 years: one year.
- Installations older than or equal to 15 years but less than 20 years: two years.
- Installations older than or equal to 10 years and less than 15 years: three years.
- Fire detection and fire alarm systems
- Fire water supply systems
- Fire hydrant systems
- Fire extinguishers
- Equipped fire hydrant systems
- Dry standpipe systems
- Fixed automatic sprinkler and water spray extinguishing systems * Water mist extinguishing systems
- Fixed water mist extinguishing systems * Fixed water mist systems
- Fixed physical foam extinguishing systems
- Fixed powder extinguishing systems
- Fixed gaseous extinguishing systems
- Fixed condensed aerosol extinguishing systems
- Smoke and heat control systems
- Fire blankets
- Emergency lighting
- Luminescent signalling systems
in industrial establishments
Royal Decree 2267/2004, of 3 December, which approves the Fire Safety Regulations for Industrial Establishments, establishes the obligation and the conditions under which the inspection of fire-fighting installations must be carried out.
Types of inspection
- Initial inspection (regulatory inspection within the scope of the Community of Madrid).
- Periodic inspection.
- Every 2 years: establishments with a high intrinsic fire risk.
- Every 3 years: establishments with medium intrinsic fire risk.
- Every 5 years: establishments with a low intrinsic fire risk.
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